The Foreign Born Population

The 2010 American Community Survey estimated that the number of foreign born in the U.S. was nearly 40 million.  More than half resided in just four states: California, Texas, New York, and Florida.  California, New York and New Jersey possessed the highest proportion of foreign born in their total populations, with 1 in 4 in California and 1 in 5 in New York and New Jersey.  53.1% of the foreign born population was from Latin America and the Caribbean, 28.2% from Asia, and 12.1% from Europe.  11.7 million, or 29.3%, of the foreign born population originated in Mexico – easily the highest number from any single country.

Compared to natives, the foreign born population was more likely to be married and less likely to be divorced.  Foreign-born households were larger than native households, and foreign-born women were more likely to have given birth in the past 12 months.  The foreign born were far less likely to have graduated high school or college, but slightly more likely to have a graduate or professional degree.  Additionally, just 65.7% of the foreign born population possessed health insurance, compared to 87.3% of natives. Household income was slightly lower amongst the foreign born population at $46,224.  Native household income was $50,541.  However, looking at the foreign born population by origin, there exists wide discrepancies in income.  Those from Oceania, Northern America, Asia, and Europe earned more than natives, with median household incomes of $71,441, $64,095, $63,777 and $51,764.  On the other hand, those from Africa and Latin America earned less, with incomes of $45,926 and $38,238 respectively.