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Lexington, KY

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 364,579 96.24% 420,959 93.87%
Spanish 4,794 1.27% 13,616 3.04%
Other Indo-European* 5,482 1.45% 7,405 1.65%
Asian Language** 2,994 0.79% 5,158 1.15%
Other 971 0.26% 1,301 0.29%
Total Population Age 5+ 378,820 100.00% 448,439 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 6,946 51.01%
Other Indo-European* 1,861 25.13%
Asian Language** 2,934 56.88%
Other Language 299 22.98%
Total 12,040 2.68%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 1,924 40.13%
Other Indo-European* 1,311 23.91%
Asian Language** 1,604 53.57%
Other Language 426 43.87%
Total 5,265 1.39%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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