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The Census includes all residents of the United States, regardless of their citizenship status. In some areas of the country, those without American citizenship account for a substantial proportion of the population, while in many areas, particularly in the Midwest, the make up only a small percentage of residents. Likewise, in some areas the majority of the population has come from other states within the U.S. while in others, particularly in the South, the population is more stable over time.

Nativity and Citizenship Status, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population 8,863,164 100.00% 9,519,338 100.00%
Total Native Population 5,968,098 67.34% 6,069,894 63.76%
Born in US 5,866,444 66.19% 5,983,398 62.86%
Born in Same State 3,608,528 40.71% 4,302,278 45.20%
Born in Different State 2,257,916 25.48% 1,681,120 17.66%
Born Outside US 101,654 1.15% 86,496 0.91%
Total Foreign Born Population 2,895,066 32.66% 3,449,444 36.24%
Naturalized 792,698 8.94% 1,311,755 13.78%
Non-Naturalized 2,102,368 23.72% 2,137,689 22.46%

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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