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The Census includes all residents of the United States, regardless of their citizenship status. In some areas of the country, those without American citizenship account for a substantial proportion of the population, while in many areas, particularly in the Midwest, the make up only a small percentage of residents. Likewise, in some areas the majority of the population has come from other states within the U.S. while in others, particularly in the South, the population is more stable over time.

Nativity and Citizenship Status, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population 4,781,468 100.00% 5,296,486 100.00%
Total Native Population 4,467,974 93.44% 4,778,171 90.21%
Born in US 4,411,550 92.26% 4,718,233 89.08%
Born in Same State 2,383,427 49.85% 2,610,963 49.30%
Born in Different State 2,028,123 42.42% 2,107,270 39.79%
Born Outside US 56,424 1.18% 59,938 1.13%
Total Foreign Born Population 313,494 6.56% 518,315 9.79%
Naturalized 127,005 2.66% 234,711 4.43%
Non-Naturalized 186,489 3.90% 283,604 5.35%

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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