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Kalkaska County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 12,175 97.69% 15,211 98.20%
Spanish 80 0.64% 118 0.76%
Other Indo-European* 182 1.46% 125 0.81%
Asian Language** 10 0.08% 31 0.20%
Other 16 0.13% 5 0.03%
Total Population Age 5+ 12,463 100.00% 15,490 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 18 15.25%
Other Indo-European* 9 7.20%
Asian Language** 3 9.68%
Other Language 0 0.00%
Total 30 0.19%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 23 28.75%
Other Indo-European* 44 24.18%
Asian Language** 6 60.00%
Other Language 5 31.25%
Total 78 0.63%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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