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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 33,519 96.49% 36,841 93.34%
Spanish 687 1.98% 1,834 4.65%
Other Indo-European* 405 1.17% 596 1.51%
Asian Language** 42 0.12% 94 0.24%
Other 87 0.25% 105 0.27%
Total Population Age 5+ 34,740 100.00% 39,470 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 730 39.80%
Other Indo-European* 151 25.34%
Asian Language** 23 24.47%
Other Language 63 60.00%
Total 967 2.45%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 228 33.19%
Other Indo-European* 127 31.36%
Asian Language** 21 50.00%
Other Language 30 34.48%
Total 406 1.17%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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