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New Hampshire

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 935,825 91.33% 1,064,252 91.72%
Spanish 9,619 0.94% 18,647 1.61%
Other Indo-European* 71,637 6.99% 64,067 5.52%
Asian Language** 5,140 0.50% 9,891 0.85%
Other 2,400 0.23% 3,483 0.30%
Total Population Age 5+ 1,024,621 100.00% 1,160,340 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 6,907 37.04%
Other Indo-European* 15,607 24.36%
Asian Language** 4,618 46.69%
Other Language 941 27.02%
Total 28,073 2.42%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 3,388 35.22%
Other Indo-European* 18,194 25.40%
Asian Language** 2,573 50.06%
Other Language 655 27.29%
Total 24,810 2.42%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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