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The Census includes all residents of the United States, regardless of their citizenship status. In some areas of the country, those without American citizenship account for a substantial proportion of the population, while in many areas, particularly in the Midwest, the make up only a small percentage of residents. Likewise, in some areas the majority of the population has come from other states within the U.S. while in others, particularly in the South, the population is more stable over time.

Nativity and Citizenship Status, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Total Population 17,990,455 100.00% 18,976,457 100.00%
Total Native Population 15,138,594 84.15% 15,108,324 79.62%
Born in US 14,516,266 80.69% 14,589,263 76.88%
Born in Same State 12,147,209 67.52% 12,384,940 65.26%
Born in Different State 2,369,057 13.17% 2,204,323 11.62%
Born Outside US 622,328 3.46% 519,061 2.74%
Total Foreign Born Population 2,851,861 15.85% 3,868,133 20.38%
Naturalized 1,297,020 7.21% 1,783,744 9.40%
Non-Naturalized 1,554,841 8.64% 2,084,389 10.98%

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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