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Cumberland County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 228,141 91.35% 248,238 89.15%
Spanish 10,551 4.22% 16,536 5.94%
Other Indo-European* 6,962 2.79% 7,916 2.84%
Asian Language** 3,734 1.50% 5,040 1.81%
Other 346 0.14% 729 0.26%
Total Population Age 5+ 249,734 100.00% 278,459 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 5,473 33.10%
Other Indo-European* 1,829 23.11%
Asian Language** 2,300 45.63%
Other Language 200 27.43%
Total 9,802 3.52%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 2,979 28.23%
Other Indo-European* 1,763 25.32%
Asian Language** 1,610 43.12%
Other Language 52 15.03%
Total 6,404 2.56%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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