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Juniata County

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The Census asks questions about language use at home to locate groups of people who speak a language other than English. Their isolation or integration into a primarily English speaking community can be determined by their ability to speak English proficiently.

Language Spoken at Home, 1990-2000
1990 2000
Number Percent Number Percent
Only English 18,540 96.40% 19,984 93.82%
Spanish 64 0.33% 344 1.61%
Other Indo-European* 615 3.20% 910 4.27%
Asian Language** 13 0.07% 60 0.28%
Other 0 0.00% 3 0.01%
Total Population Age 5+ 19,232 100.00% 21,301 100.00%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 2000
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 165 47.97%
Other Indo-European* 344 37.80%
Asian Language** 37 61.67%
Other Language 0 0.00%
Total 546 2.56%

Population Speaking English Less Than "Very Well" in 1990
Language Spoken at Home: Number Percent
Spanish 26 40.63%
Other Indo-European* 258 41.95%
Asian Language** 8 61.54%
Other Language 0 -
Total 292 1.52%

* "Other Indo-European" excludes English and Spanish. "Indo-European" is not synonymous with "European." French, German, Hindi, and Persian are all classified as Indo-European. Hungarian, on the other hand, is lumped into "Other Language."

** "Asian Language" includes languages indigenous to Asia and Pacific islands areas that are not also Indo-European languages. Chinese, Japanese, Telugu, and Hawaiian are all classified here.

Also note that ability to speak English "very well" is based on the self-assessment of those responding to Census questions, not on a test of language ability.

Source: Census 2000 analyzed by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN).

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